Walter John Westerman

Photo courtesy of the South Pacific Division Heritage Centre.

Westerman, Walter John (1879–1946)

By Shirley Tarburton

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Shirley Tarburton, M.Litt. (Distinction) (University of New England, Armidale, New South Wales, Australia) retired in 2008 after 40 years teaching church-school (mainly high school but including eight years at university). An Australian, she has taught in four mission fields, Australia, and New Zealand. She has authored five books and co-authored one on church history, biography and family history, as well as several magazine articles. She is married to Dr. Michael Tarburton with two adult children and four grandchildren.

 

First Published: January 29, 2020

Walter John Westerman was an Australian Seventh-day Adventist pastor who spent thirty years in administration at the local conference and union conference levels, twenty-six of those years as a vice-president of the Australasian Union Conference.1

Birth and Early Years

Walter Westerman, the youngest of eleven children, was born on January 6, 1879, in the Bendigo suburb of Huntley, Victoria, to Jonathan Westerman (1834-1910)2 and his wife, Sarah Redfern (1837-1883).3 His older brothers and sisters were Hannah Elizabeth (1856-1925),4 Joseph (1859-1860),5 Samuel (1862-1926),6 Charlotte (1863-1886),7 Sarah Ann (1866-1934),8 Emma (1868-1951),9 Rose Keturah (1870-1938),10 Jonathan William (1872-1873),11 Thomas Edward (1874-1942),12 and Martha Bessie (1876-unknown).13

When he was only four years old, Westerman’s mother died, and not long afterward his family moved from the mining town of Bendigo across the state to Coalville14 in the dairying area of Gippsland. Here, he completed his schooling and became a dairy farmer.15

Marriage and Family

When Westerman was about twelve, a new family moved into the district and when he was twenty-three he married their eldest daughter, Ena.16 Ena Hannah Horley was born in the Melbourne suburb of Carlton on December 29, 1881.17 Her parents were George William Horley (1854-1941)18 and Winnifred Anne Lance-Hughes (1855-1949).19 Ena Westerman had six younger brothers and sisters–Lance Charles George (1884-1963),20 Winifred Ann (1886-1886),21 Norman Lance (1888-1958),22 Raymond Lance (1890-1975),23 Winifred Lance (1893-1982) who married Pastor J. W. Kent, 24 and Dorothy Lance (1895-1969) who married Norman T. McMahon.25

Ena and Walter Westerman married on August 20, 1902, and set up their home on Walter’s farm at Drouin,26 near Coalville.27 Four children were born to them– Merrian Winifred “Rosalind” (1903-1980) married Pastor Herbert Arthur Kent and became a doctor,28 Raymond Walter (1907-1992) became a manager for the Sanitarium Health Food Co. Ltd,29 Wilfred Alan, CBE, KB (1913-2001) served in the Australian Government Trade Department,30 and Dulcie Joyce (1917-1968) married Albert Roumaine White.31

Conversion and Training

In April 1906, two Adventist evangelists, W. W. Fletcher and George Stewart, opened evangelistic meetings in Coalville and Drouin,32 which Walter and Ena Westerman attended.33 They were baptized, then sold their farm, and with their two children moved to Avondale in 1908 so that Walter Westerman could attend the Australasian Missionary College where he undertook the missionary course,34 exchanging a relatively secure and comfortable daily life for one of struggle and privation.35 During the end of year break in 1908-1909, he sold Adventist books and other literature in Nowra for three months.36 He then returned to Avondale to complete his course and graduated at the end of September 1909.37

Career

Westerman was appointed to field work in the New South Wales Conference and was partnered with Cecil K. Meyers,38 who had been a literature evangelist up until this time. Together, they were assigned to run a tent evangelistic series in the town of Mudgee, New South Wales.39 The meetings began on November 4, 1909, with three meetings a week. Westerman preached at the Friday night meeting each week.40 They advertised in the local newspaper and were rewarded with an overflow audience in the weeks leading up to Christmas.41 In the new year, there were several baptisms, with ten candidates in the first baptism.42 The evangelists also started holding meetings at Pipeclay,43 then included a campaign at Gulgong.44 They were given separate assignments during the winter with Westerman working at Mudgee45 and towards the end of 1910, at Rockdale.46

At the Union Conference Session in October 1910, Westerman was asked to transfer to North New Zealand47 and on November 26 the family boarded the Warrimoo for the journey.48 He spent most of 1911 in evangelism in Petone, in the capital city, Wellington, after a short time at New Plymouth.49 In December 1911, Westerman was put in charge of a tent evangelistic series in Foxton, just over 100 kilometers north of Wellington.50 He worked there all year with H. E. Piper and J. Mills, then returned to evangelism in Wellington in February 1912.51

It was a very successful year. Westerman’s twice-weekly meetings were well-attended throughout the year and he was kept very busy studying the Bible with those desiring baptism.52 A revival was also seen among church members.53

Ordination and Greater Responsibilities

On Sabbath, January 18, 1913, Westerman was ordained to the gospel ministry at the North New Zealand camp meeting in Auckland.54 He was appointed to serve on the boards of the Sanitarium Health Food Company, the trust property, and the Oroura Missionary School (OMS).55 In April, he was the evening speaker at the South Island Conference camp meeting in Christchurch56 and, upon his return home, attended the opening and dedication of OMS on April 30, where he sang in a quartet and offered the dedicatory prayer.57 Meanwhile, every few months, he was conducting baptisms58 of new converts in Wellington. By mid-1913, he had so many Bible studies he could no longer care for them all, so he was provided with the assistance of Arthur Currow.59 By the end of 1913, the Wellington church membership had almost reached seventy and fund-raising was in progress to construct a church building.60

It was at this time that Westerman was transferred to work in the larger city of Auckland in the north of North New Zealand. Between February and August of 1914, thirty-one converts were baptized.61 In September, he was a delegate to the Australasian Union Conference Session in Sydney,62 at which he was appointed to the presidency of the South Australian Conference.63 The Westerman family, which now included three children, immediately moved to Adelaide, and, in October, barely twenty-one months after his ordination, Westerman took on this leadership role.64 Church members were widely scattered in South Australia, necessitating extensive travel as he met with his constituents.65

Two years later, in September 1916, Westerman was given the added responsibility of vice president of the Australasian Union Conference (AUC), while remaining as president of the South Australian Conference.66 This entailed regular trips to Sydney for meetings67 as well as overseas travel.68 In November 1916, he was transferred from South Australia to be the president of the more populous Victorian Conference (still retaining the vice presidency of the AUC).69 He held these dual roles until May 1920 when A. H. Piper took over as president of the Victorian Conference.70 The Westerman family then moved to Wahroonga from which base he carried out his duties until May 1923.71

At the AUC council meeting held in April 1923, Westerman was asked to take on the presidency of the South New Zealand Conference in addition to his work as Australasian Union Conference vice president.72 He took on the challenge to build up the Church in that conference, receiving financial support from the North New Zealand Conference73 and the appointment of evangelist Pastor J. W. Kent to lead the outreach program.74 Westerman continued to have a busy program of speaking at camp meetings,75 and visitation around his own conference76 as well as union conference responsibilities.77

During the General Conference session in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in 1926, Westerman was appointed president of the Austral Union Conference with headquarters in Buenos Aires.78 However, he was shortly afterwards requested, instead, to return to Wahroonga as an Australasian Union Conference field secretary and to lead the Home Missions (now Personal Ministries) department of the AUC.79 Before moving from New Zealand in January 1927, he conducted home missions conventions in three South New Zealand centers and baptized twenty-five new members in Timaru.80 He was encouraged by the growth that had taken place in the South NewZealand Conference since 1923, with 101 baptisms during 1926 alone.81

Back in Australia, he travelled from state to state, conducting training institutes82 and conventions,83 leading Appeal for Missions teams,84 taking meetings,85 and representing the AUC at camp meetings.86 This schedule of constant movement about the Australasian Union continued until 1930, when he was asked to temporarily add the leadership of the South New South Wales Conference to his responsibilities until the next AUC session could appoint a new president.87

The session took place in September 1930, and Westerman was once again appointed a vice president for the home field of the AUC, after a four-year break from that position; he also retained leadership of the AUC Home Missions department for a second term.88

In December 1935, Westerman accepted the presidency of the North New South Wales Conference, with headquarters in Newcastle,89 until September 1936 when he was also relieved of the vice presidency of the home field, becoming instead a general field secretary again, while still caring for the Home Missions department of the AUC.90

Westerman was now fifty-seven years old, and had been carrying multiple responsibilities for most of the previous twenty years, which entailed a schedule of almost constant travel extending to Western Australia in the west and New Zealand and the Pacific Islands in the east, to Tasmania in the south and Papua New Guinea in the north. It is perhaps not surprising that during 1936 he suffered a breakdown in health.91 His full recovery took almost a year,92 but he resumed overseas travel at the end of 1937.93 In 1938, he was once again taking speaking appointments at camps,94 and in 1939 was back to his usual punishing schedule.95

Throughout the years of the Second World War, he continued itinerating around the conferences, representing the AUC at conference sessions, attending camp meetings, special events, and generally maintaining contact with the isolated church groups that, because of war-time restrictions, found themselves less able to travel to regional meetings.96

In the 1930s and 1940s, Westerman wrote a number of devotional and theological articles that were published in the Australasian Record. His favorite topic was living the Christian life,97 and he wrote about the necessity of the Holy Spirit,98 prayer,99 grace,100 and Christ’s ministry on our behalf.101 His final article was on the “Loud Cry.”102

In mid-1943, Westerman was once again called upon to fill a presidential vacancy in the North New South Wales Conference until a permanent appointment could be made.103 This appointment became permanent at the session held in December and was made his sole responsibility.104 Despite the rigors of the war, he was able to report a year later that 101 individuals had been baptized during the previous twelve months and that “over 300 were studying the 20th Century Bible Course in addition to those taking the Radio Bible Correspondence Course…”105 Although he had now reached retirement age, Westerman continued as president of the North New South Wales Conference.

Last Years and Death

Early in 1946, Westerman again became ill and was admitted to the Seventh-day Adventist Sydney Sanitarium and Hospital in Wahroonga.106 After a period of hospitalization, he was confident of recovery;107 however, poor health returned. During his illness, he carried on the conference business as he was able.108

In November, Westerman took a turn for the worse and died in the Sydney Sanitarium and Hospital on November 30, 1946, aged 67.109 His last act was to pray with his wife and to ask God to “bless the brethren, and help them to be true to the message.”110 He was buried in the Avondale Cemetery at Cooranbong.111 His lasting legacy was recognized in his personal soul-winning evangelism and outstanding conference leadership.112

Ena Westerman lived another twenty-eight years, dying on November 6, 1974, in the Seventh-day Adventist Parklea Nursing Home in Sydney a few weeks short of her ninety-third birthday.113 She had been pre-deceased by her daughter, “Betty” (Dulcie Joyce White) in 1968, and was buried with her husband at Cooranbong.114 Ena Westerman uncomplainingly endured move after move, accepting the task of creating a welcoming home for her family and supporting her husband in his work, spending many lonely weeks while he travelled. She never sought the lime-light but was always supportive in the background, cherishing that as her part in service for God.115

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Notes

  1. Walter John Westerman, Worker’s Biographical Record, South Pacific Division of the General Conference Archives, folder: “Westerman, Walter John,” document: “Worker’s Biographical Record.”

  2. Victoria, Australia, Death Index, 1836-1988, Jonathan Westerman, Ancestry.com, accessed December 16, 2019, https://www.ancestry.com.

  3. Victoria, Australia, Death Index, 1836-1988, Sarah Westerman, Ancestry.com, accessed December 16, 2019, https://www.ancestry.com.

  4. Thos. H. Craddock, “[Hannah Elizabeth] Crammond obituary,” Australasian Record, October 5, 1925, 7.

  5. Australia, Death Index, 1787-1985, Joseph Westerman, Ancestry.com, accessed December 16, 2019, https://www.ancestry.com.

  6. Victoria, Australia, Death Index, 1836-1988, Samuel Westerman, Ancestry.com, accessed December 16, 2019, https://www.ancestry.com.

  7. Victoria, Australia, Death Index, 1836-1988, Charlotte Greenman, Ancestry.com, accessed December 16, 2019, https://www.ancestry.com.

  8. Victoria, Australia, Death Index, 1836-1988, Sarah Ann David, Ancestry.com, accessed December 16, 2019, https://www.ancestry.com.

  9. A. H. Piper, “Emma Westerman obituary,” Australasian Record, September 3, 1951, 7.

  10. Victoria, Australia, Death Index, 1836-1988, Rose Keturah Pollard, Ancestry.com, accessed December 16, 2019, https://www.ancestry.com.

  11. Victoria, Australia, Death Index, 1836-1988, Jonathan William Westerman, Ancestry.com, accessed December 16, 2019, https://www.ancestry.com.

  12. Victoria, Australia, Death Index, 1836-1988, Thomas Edward Westerman, Ancestry.com, accessed December 16, 2019, https://www.ancestry.com.

  13. Australia, Death Index, 1787-1985, Bessie M. Stephens, Ancestry.com, accessed December 16, 2019, https://www.ancestry.com.

  14. J. W. Kent, “Life Sketch of Pastor W. J. Westerman,” Australasian Record, January 27, 1947, 8.

  15. Ibid; Walter John Westerman, Worker’s Biographical Record, South Pacific Division of the General Conference Archives, folder: “Westerman, Walter John,” document: “Worker’s Biographical Record.”

  16. J. W. Kent, “Life Sketch of Pastor W. J. Westerman,” Australasian Record, January 27, 1947, 8.

  17. J. W. Kent, “Farewell to Sister Westerman,” Australasian Record, January 13, 1975, 14.

  18. J. Pascoe, “George William Horley obituary,” Australasian Record, August 18, 1941, 7.

  19. E. G. Whittaker, “Winifred Anne Horley obituary,” Australasian Record, November 21, 1949, 7.

  20. Australia, Death Index, 1787-1985, Lance Charles George Horley, Ancestry.com, accessed December 16, 2019, https://www.ancestry.com.

  21. Victoria, Australia, Death Index, 1836-1988, Winifred Ann Horley, Ancestry.com, accessed December 16, 2019, https://www.ancestry.com.

  22. Victoria, Australia, Death Index, 1836-1988, Norman Lance Horley, Ancestry.com, accessed December 16, 2019, https://www.ancestry.com.

  23. Australia Cemetery Index, 1808-2007, Raymond Lance Horley, Ancestry.com, accessed December 16, 2019, https://www.ancestry.com.

  24. K. S. Parmenter, “Winifred Lance Kent obituary,” Australasian Record, October 2, 1982, 14.

  25. J. W. Kent, “A Life Sketch of Dorothy McMahon,” Australasian Record, October 27, 1969, 12-13.

  26. W. J. Westerman, “Visit to Gippsland, Victoria,” Australasian Record, April 16, 1917, 8.

  27. J. W. Kent, “Farewell to Sister Westerman,” Australasian Record, January 13, 1975, 14.

  28. B. H. Brinsmead, “Merrian (Rosalind) Kent obituary,” Australasian Record, August 11, 1980, 14.

  29. Springvale Botanical Cemetery Interment Records, “Raymond Walter Westerman,” Southern Metropolitan Cemeteries Trust, 2019, accessed December 16, 2019, https://smct.org.au/.

  30. John Farquharson, “Westerman, Sir Wilfred Alan (1913-2001),” Obituaries Australia, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, May 25, 2001, accessed October 8, 2019. http://oa.anu.edu.au/obituary/westerman-sir-wilfred-alan-1022.

  31. P. A. Donaldson, “Betty Joy White obituary,” Australasian Record, October 7, 1968, 15.

  32. W. W. Fletcher, Geo. Stewart, “Gippsland, Victoria,” Australasian Record, June 11, 1906, 5.

  33. Walter John Westerman, Worker’s Biographical Record, South Pacific Division of the General Conference Archives, folder: “Westerman, Walter John,” document: “Worker’s Biographical Record.”

  34. Ibid; J. W. Kent, “Life Sketch of Pastor W. J. Westerman,” Australasian Record, January 27, 1947, 8.

  35. J. W. Kent, “Farewell to Sister Westerman,” Australasian Record, January 13, 1975, 14.

  36. “Monthly Summary of Australasian Canvassing Work, October 1908,” Australasian Record, December 7, 1908, 4; Walter John Westerman, Worker’s Service Record, South Pacific Division of the General Conference Archives, folder: “Westerman, Walter John,” document: “Worker’s Service Record.”

  37. “Avondale School Graduates of 1909,” Australasian Record, October 25, 1909, 7.

  38. “At the close...,” Australasian Record, November 1, 1909, 8.

  39. Ibid; “Mudgee Municipal Council,” Mudgee Guardian and North-Western Representative, October 28, 1909, 29.

  40. “Gospel Tent Mission,” Mudgee Guardian and North-Western Representative, November 4, 1909, 20.

  41. “Gospel Tent Mission,” Mudgee Guardian and North-Western Representative, December 2, 1909, 16; J. H. Woods, “New South Wales,” Australasian Record, January 3, 1910, 3.

  42. “Ten souls have...,” Australasian Record, January 24, 1910, 8.

  43. J. H. Woods, “New South Wales Field Notes,” Australasian Record, February 21, 1910, 5.

  44. “The tent mission...,” Australasian Record, May 9, 1910, 8.

  45. J. H. Woods, “Interests in New South Wales,”; Australasian Record, June 20, 1910, 3.

  46. “At the close...,” Australasian Record, October 10, 1910, 8.

  47. J. H. Woods, “Gleanings from the Field,” Australasian Record, December 5, 1910, 5.

  48. “Clearances November 26,” The Sydney Morning Herald, November 28, 1910, 10.

  49. W. J. Westerman, E. Westerman, “New Zealand,” Australasian Record, February 13, 1911, 5.

  50. J. Mills, “Foxton Tent Mission in New Zealand,” Australasian Record, January 8, 1912, 4.

  51. Ibid; W. J. Westerman, “Wellington, New Zealand,” Australasian Record, May 6, 1912, 3-4.

  52. W. J. Westerman, “Wellington, New Zealand,” Australasian Record, May 6, 1912, 3-4; “A good work...,” Australasian Record, August 12, 1912, 8.

  53. Ibid.

  54. “New Zealand Camp-meeting,” Australasian Record, February 17, 1913, 3-5.

  55. “The New Zealand Conference,” Australasian Record, February 24, 1913, 4-5.

  56. A. H. White, “South Island, New Zealand,” Australasian Record, May 26, 1913, 4.

  57. J. Mills, “Oroua Missionary School,” Australasian Record, June 23, 1913, 6.

  58. “On Sabbath, March 15...,” Australasian Record, April 7, 1913, 8.

  59. “In Wellington, New Zealand...,” Australasian Record, June 9, 1913, 8.

  60. W. J. Westerman, “Wellington, New Zealand,” Australasian Record, January 26, 1914, 3.

  61. W. J. Westerman, “Auckland, New Zealand,’ Australasian Record, August 10, 1914, 6.

  62. “Delegation to the Union Conference,” Australasian Record, September 28, 1914, 52.

  63. “Report of the Australasian Union Conference,” Australasian Record, October 12, 1914, 18.

  64. “Pastor W. Westerman...,” Australasian Record, November 16, 1914, 8.

  65. A. C. Chesson, “Broken Hill,” Australasian Record, December 14, 1914, 5; Aylesbury and Bessie Brown, “Mount Gambier, South Australia,” Australasian Record, February 8, 1915, 6.

  66. “Decisions of the Union Conference Council, Held August 29 to September 12, 1916,” Australasian Record, September 25, 1916, 5.

  67. W. J. Westerman, “Organisation of Central Polynesian Conference,” Australasian Record, November 6, 1916, 2-3.

  68. “Pastor W. J. Westerman sailed...,” Australasian Record, October 9, 1916, 8.

  69. “Our readers will remember...,” Australasian Record, December 4, 1916, 8.

  70. “Decisions of the Union Conference Council Held April 21 to May 8, 1920,” Australasian Record, May 31, 1920, 4-6.

  71. “Pastor W. J. Westerman...,” Australasian Record, May 14, 1923, 8.

  72. J. E. Fulton, “An Important Council Meeting,” Australasian Record, May 14, 1923, 2.

  73. Ibid.

  74. W. J. Westerman, “Christchurch Mission,” Australasian Record, September 17, 1923, 8.

  75. “South New Zealand,” Australasian Record, February 11, 1924, 3.

  76. “Pastor Westerman...,” Australasian Record, April 28, 1924, 8.

  77. J. E. Fulton, W, J. Westerman, “Annual Council of the Australasian Union Conference Held August 20 to September 4, 1924,” Australasian Record, September 22, 1924, 4-8.

  78. W. G. Turner, “The General Conference,” Australasian Record, August 9, 1926, 6.

  79. “The Opening of the Conference.” Australasian Record, October 4, 1926, 25-31.

  80. A. S. Herbert, “A Record Year,” Australasian Record, January 17, 1927, 6.

  81. Ibid.

  82. “Coming to Australia...,” Australasian Record, July 4, 1927, 8.

  83. “Pastor W. J. Westerman...,” Australasian Record, November 7, 1927, 8.

  84. “Responding to a call...,” Australasian Record, April 11, 1927, 8.

  85. C. H. Schowe, “Week of Prayer at Avondale,” Australasian Record, July 4, 1927, 8.

  86. “At the Victorian...,” Australasian Record, January 2, 1928, 8.

  87. “In consequence of the return...,” Australasian Record, April 14, 1930, 8.

  88. “The Opening of the Conference,” Australasian Record, September 29, 1930, 22.

  89. “North New South Wales Conference Session,” Australasian Record, February 24, 1936, 4.

  90. “Union Conference Proceedings,” Australasian Record, September 21, 1936, 14-32.

  91. “Fourteenth Meeting, Wednesday, September 9, at 1.45 p.m.,” Australasian Record, September 28, 1936, 6-10.

  92. S. V. Stratford, “Lismore Camp Meeting,” Australasian Record, October 25, 1937, 6.

  93. “On their way to Fiji...,” Australasian Record, November 8, 1937, 8.

  94. Erwin E. Roenfelt, “General Meetings in Tasmania,” Australasian Record, March 14, 1938, 5; “News Notes,” Australasian Record, October 3, 1938, 9.

  95. “News Notes,” Australasian Record, February 27, 1939, 8; “News Notes,” Australasian Record, March 6, 1939, 8; A. G. Stewart, “The Victorian Camp-Meeting,” Australasian Record, March 6, 1939, 4-5.

  96. W. J. Westerman, “Visits to Country Centres, South N. S. W.,” Australasian Record, August 10, 1942, 4-5.

  97. W. J. Westerman, “Essentials in the Christian Life,” Australasian Record, September 4, 1939, 1-2; W. J. Westerman, “Be Pitiful, Be Courteous,” Australasian Record, February 24, 1941, 1-2.

  98. W. J. Westerman, “The Holy Spirit Our Great Need,” Australasian Record, August 8, 1932, 1-2.

  99. W. J. Westerman, “Prayer: Its Relation to the Finishing of the Work,” Australasian Record, May 1, 1933, 1-2; W. J. Westerman, “The Power of Prayer,” Australasian Record, April 9, 1934, 1-2.

  100. W. J. Westerman, “Growing in Grace,” Australasian Record, February 19, 1940, 1-2.

  101. W. J. Westerman, “We Have Such an High Priest,” Australasian Record, February 10, 1941, 1-2.

  102. W. J. Westerman, “The Message of Revelation 18:1-4 and the Loud Cry,” Australasian Record, June 14, 1943, 2.

  103. “News Notes,” Australasian Record, August 16, 1943, 8.

  104. L. J. Imrie, “North New South Wales Conference and Camp-Meeting,” Australasian Record, January 31, 1944, 4.

  105. W. J. Westerman, “North New South Wales Conference,” Australasian Record, April 23, 1945, 4.

  106. “From North New South Wales,” Australasian Record, May 6, 1946, 8.

  107. Ibid.

  108. Ibid.

  109. “Brevities,” Australasian Record, December 16, 1946, 8.

  110. J. W. Kent, “Life Sketch of Pastor W. J. Westerman,” Australasian Record, January 27, 1947, 8.

  111. J. W. Kent, “Westerman,” Australasian Record, January 27, 1947, 7.

  112. J. W. Kent, “Life Sketch of Pastor W. J. Westerman,” Australasian Record, January 27, 1947, 8.

  113. J. W. Kent, “Farewell to Sister Westerman,” Australasian Record, January 13, 1975, 14.

  114. W. G. Turner, “Westerman,” Australasian Record, January 13, 1975, 14.

  115. J. W. Kent, “Farewell to Sister Westerman,” Australasian Record, January 13, 1975, 14.

×

Tarburton, Shirley. "Westerman, Walter John (1879–1946)." Encyclopedia of Seventh-day Adventists. January 29, 2020. Accessed May 21, 2022. https://encyclopedia.adventist.org/article?id=C87L.

Tarburton, Shirley. "Westerman, Walter John (1879–1946)." Encyclopedia of Seventh-day Adventists. January 29, 2020. Date of access May 21, 2022, https://encyclopedia.adventist.org/article?id=C87L.

Tarburton, Shirley (2020, January 29). Westerman, Walter John (1879–1946). Encyclopedia of Seventh-day Adventists. Retrieved May 21, 2022, https://encyclopedia.adventist.org/article?id=C87L.