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​The Liao An Mission (辽安区会) was organized in 1918 as part of the Manchurian Mission. Its territory covered the Liaoning Province. Mission headquarters were located in Mukden (now Shenyang 沈阳). For the first decade it was named the Fengtien Mission. In 1929 the name was changed to the Liaoning Mission, but in 1933 it reverted to Fengtien Mission. It was known as the South Manchuria Mission throughout the Second World War. Finally, in 1947 it was named the Liao An Mission.

​This brief essay covers the history of the Seventh-day Adventist mission in Kirin Province (now Jilin Province 吉林省), China. The entity was initially named the Kirin Mission, a subdivision of the Manchurian Mission. In 1939 the name was changed to the Central Manchuria Mission, and after the Second World War it was renamed the Liao Chi Mission.

​After the establishment of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, the Seventh-day Adventist Church made changes to the administration of some mission territories. For example, Manchuria was divided into two along a line between Tongliao in Mongolia, through Changchun and on to Tumen to the east on the border with Korea. A main railway approximated the line. To the north the Sung Kiang Mission was created. South of the line became the Liao Ho Mission. It extended further south into Jehol (later Rehe) Province or northern Hebei Province.1 The demarcation line followed a cultural boundary. The territory within the Liao Ho Mission was the seat of the twelfth century's Liao (Khitan) Empire.

​David Lin (林堯喜 pinyin Lín Yáoxǐ), a well-known Chinese pastor and administrator, and his wife, Clara Ye Chisheng Lin (林葉遲生) were best remembered for their courage and endurance they had shown for their faith in the face of extreme religious persecution during the tumultuous years when China underwent one of its biggest political changes in modern history.

​Ezra Leon Longway, known to his Chinese friends as Luó Wēi (羅威), was a pioneer missionary to Thailand for several years and later devoted his ministry to administration in the China Division, the South China Island Union Mission, and the Far Eastern Division. The period included the eventful years of the Japanese occupation of China, World War Ⅱ, and the Communist takeover of mainland China.

​Macao Sam Yuk Middle School, established in 1953, is a K-12 Seventh-day Adventist mission school in the city of Macao, which consists of a peninsula and two islands, located 40 miles west of Hong Kong across the mouth of the Pearl River.

Vance James Maloney Sr. (Chinese name 馬良理, pinyin Ma Liangli) and Bessie Belle Merzbacher Maloney devoted 17 years of untiring service to China at a time when that country went through years of wars and conflicts as it emerged from the imperial feudal system to young nationhood. Maloney provided solid leadership at both the union and mission level of the growing Chinese Seventh-day Adventist Church at Fukien Mission and in the East China Union region. The Maloneys were appreciated by both the indigenous Chinese and by fellow foreign missionaries.

Seventh-day Adventists first attempted evangelism among the Miao in 1929 when a national worker, Kwang Yu Tsen of the West Kweichow Mission, visited Chaotung (now Zhaotong) in the north-eastern arm of Yunnan Province. He found many Miao in the surrounding villages developing an interest in his message.

​Esta Miller was a younger brother of Dr. Harry Miller, a pioneer missionary to China. He was counted among the early Seventh-day Adventists who learned the Mandarin language and was instrumental in winning the initial Chinese converts prior to his premature death at twenty-six years of age.

Maude Miller was the first Adventist missionary who died in China, the foreign country to which she dedicated her selfless service.

The Mongolian Mission was an entity that existed in the 1930s as a subdivision of the North China Union Conference in the China Division of the General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists. Geographically, the territory of the Mongolian Mission is often referred to as “Inner Mongolia,” which is part of China. This article deals exclusively with the history of the Seventh-day Adventist Church in Inner Mongolia.

The North Fukien (today’s Fujian) Mission, 闽北区会 grew out of the subdivision of the original Fukien (or Fujian) Mission, 1917 through 1920.

John Oss (史約翰; Pinyin Shǐ Yuēhàn) was an Adventist colporteur, minister, administrator, and missionary to China. He was the official pioneer missionary to open the first wave of the denomination’s work in Mongolia. He witnessed wars in China and was a prisoner of war.

​Missionary to China, colporteur, fundraiser for Adventist and Red Cross hospitals and educational institutions, writer, and public speaker. Oss witnessed the Shanghai incident and the Second Sino-Japanese War in Shanghai and was a World War II Japanese concentration-camp survivor. Oss with her husband John returned to China after recuperating in the United States and stayed until they were forced to leave by the Communist Chinese government in 1950.

​Erik and Ida Pilquist were pioneer missionaries to China. Erik worked for several Bible societies as an independent missionary. At one point he played a pivotal role in the development of Adventist missions in China. Ida was a steadfast advocate on behalf of the women of China, training “Bible women” and starting girls’ schools.

​Paul Elmore Quimby (Chinese name 孔保羅, pinyin Kǒng Bǎoluó) served the Seventh-day Adventist Church as an educator in New York State, China, Tennessee, and California from 1922 to 1971 and beyond.

Elisabeth Redelstein was a German Adventist medical missionary to China.

​Early Adventist physicians served as medical missionaries to China. They also contributed as evangelists, teachers, administrators, and each wrote copiously for church publications or edited various publications. Arthur’s Chinese name was 施列民 (Pinyin shī liè mín), and Bertha’s Chinese name was 和施淑德 (Pinyin hé shī shū dé).

​Charlotte Simpson was a missionary nurse to China in the early 1900’s. Her Chinese name was 和辛普生 (Pinyin hé xīn pǔ sheng).