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Seventh-day Adventists first attempted evangelism among the Miao in 1929 when a national worker, Kwang Yu Tsen of the West Kweichow Mission, visited Chaotung (now Zhaotong) in the north-eastern arm of Yunnan Province. He found many Miao in the surrounding villages developing an interest in his message.

​Esta Miller was a younger brother of Dr. Harry Miller, a pioneer missionary to China. He was counted among the early Seventh-day Adventists who learned the Mandarin language and was instrumental in winning the initial Chinese converts prior to his premature death at twenty-six years of age.

Harry Willis Miller, affectionally known to many as the “China Doctor,” is renowned for his long period of service as a medical missionary, church minister, and church administrator in China; for pioneering the publishing ministry in that country; and for being instrumental in the establishment of Seventh-day Adventist hospitals in China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, the Philippines, and other East Asian countries. Miller is recognized as the inventor of large-scale production and commercialization of soy milk and soybean-based protein product around the globe.

Maude Miller was the first Adventist missionary who died in China, the foreign country to which she dedicated her selfless service.

The Mongolian Mission was an entity that existed in the 1930s as a subdivision of the North China Union Conference in the China Division of the General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists. Geographically, the territory of the Mongolian Mission is often referred to as “Inner Mongolia,” which is part of China. This article deals exclusively with the history of the Seventh-day Adventist Church in Inner Mongolia.

The North Fukien (today’s Fujian) Mission, 闽北区会 grew out of the subdivision of the original Fukien (or Fujian) Mission, 1917 through 1920.

John Oss (史約翰; Pinyin Shǐ Yuēhàn) was an Adventist colporteur, minister, administrator, and missionary to China. He was the official pioneer missionary to open the first wave of the denomination’s work in Mongolia. He witnessed wars in China and was a prisoner of war.

​Missionary to China, colporteur, fundraiser for Adventist and Red Cross hospitals and educational institutions, writer, and public speaker. Oss witnessed the Shanghai incident and the Second Sino-Japanese War in Shanghai and was a World War II Japanese concentration-camp survivor. Oss with her husband John returned to China after recuperating in the United States and stayed until they were forced to leave by the Communist Chinese government in 1950.

​Erik and Ida Pilquist were pioneer missionaries to China. Erik worked for several Bible societies as an independent missionary. At one point he played a pivotal role in the development of Adventist missions in China. Ida was a steadfast advocate on behalf of the women of China, training “Bible women” and starting girls’ schools.

​Paul Elmore Quimby (Chinese name 孔保羅, pinyin Kǒng Bǎoluó) served the Seventh-day Adventist Church as an educator in New York State, China, Tennessee, and California from 1922 to 1971 and beyond.

Elisabeth Redelstein was a German Adventist medical missionary to China.

​Leclare and Helen Reed served a total of 22 years over three separate periods as a missionary in China. During the years between overseas assignments, they nurtured churches in Pennsylvania and Michigan and, at times, Leclare held departmental offices.

​Early Adventist physicians served as medical missionaries to China. They also contributed as evangelists, teachers, administrators, and each wrote copiously for church publications or edited various publications. Arthur’s Chinese name was 施列民 (Pinyin shī liè mín), and Bertha’s Chinese name was 和施淑德 (Pinyin hé shī shū dé).

​Charlotte Simpson was a missionary nurse to China in the early 1900’s. Her Chinese name was 和辛普生 (Pinyin hé xīn pǔ sheng).

Herbert and his wife, Thelma, were pioneer missionaries in Central China in the 1920s. Herbert’s ministry was tragically cut short when he was murdered by bandits. Thelma bravely continued her service in China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan until her retirement in 1972.

​Thelma Smith was an american missionary in The United States, China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan from 1927 until 1984. Smith’s husband Herbert was murdered by bandits in China weeks after arriving at their first mission posting as young newlyweds and young parents. Mrs. Smith remained in Asia as a missionary for most of the next forty-seven years.

​The South Fukien (today’s Fujian) Mission 闽南区会 was located where the original Fukien (Fujian) Mission began in 1917.

Southeast China Union Mission was one of the short-lived church administrative units organized in 1949 under the China Division, just before the latter severed its connection with the worldwide Seventh-day Adventist Church. The union existed from 1949 to 1951.

Cush Sparks served as a nurse, a missionary in China and a printer at six different denominational publishing houses in North America.