The Adventist mission work in Iran was officially organized as the Iran Mission and was part of the Central European Division in 1935 with headquarters located in Tehran. The Iran operated as a mission until 1957 when it was changed to Iran Section under the Middle East Division. Since 2017 the country of Iran is under the administration of the West Asia Field of the Middle East and North Africa Union.
Western Sahara is a desert area on the northwest coast of Africa. It is bordered on the north by Morocco, the east and south by Algeria and Mauritania, and the west by the Atlantic Ocean. It has an area of 102,700 square miles (266,000 square kilometers) and a population in 2020 of 652,271.
In early Adventist literature, Adventist pioneers made reference to Joseph Wolff’s visit to Yemen as evidence of the worldwide nature of second advent expectations in the early 19th century. Wolff, the “missionary to the world,” traveled to Yemen around 1836 on his way to Bokhara:
Aldred Gordon Zytkoskee significantly contributed to the development of the Adventist mission in Egypt.